Python Django vs. Flask Which Framework Is Better

Python Django vs Flask: Which Framework Is Better?

No matter the industry or the software, the challenging competition is what makes matters interesting and aids innovation like no other – a range of choices that leave you with the heavy-duty task of choosing what is right for your project or business requirements. The same is the case with Python Django vs Flask – two of the most sought-after Python frameworks of the Python programming world!

Let’s first take a quick look at Python and its frameworks. Created by Guido van Rossum and first released in 1991, Python is designed to promote code readability. Any programmer with significant experience in coding can pick up this programming language. Python is simple, straightforward, and versatile. It is an ideal choice for a wide range of projects, from simple web applications to operating systems. As its easy-to-learn syntax promotes readability, the cost of program maintenance is significantly reduced.

Python frameworks are excellent tools that make it easier for developers to create intuitive website applications at an accelerated pace – all via a curated set of modules and packages. But, the challenge lies in the fact that there is an extensive range of frameworks to choose from out there; each with its own set of impressive features.

There are two primary types of Python frameworks: full-stack and non-full-stack frameworks. Full-stack frameworks take a more holistic approach in the sense that they enable developers to create applications – right from the user experience to the database. Non-full-stack frameworks are the ones that take care of only a certain part of the development process. They are also called micro-frameworks. At times, a set of micro-frameworks is a better fit for projects, as compared to a full-stack framework.

The two frameworks that we are going to focus on today are Django and Flask. If you have been in the dilemma of Django vs flask for beginners or Django vs flask for web development, then this blog will be your go-to guide for the same, let’s dive right into the differences-

Key Differences Between Django & Flask

What Is Django?

Instagram, National Geographic, Mozilla, Spotify, Pinterest, Eventbrite – these are a few of the popular brands that leverage the undeniable power of Django, and for all the right reasons. Named after Django Reinhardt, a famous French composer and guitarist, it is a Python-based web framework that follows the architectural pattern of model-view-controller (MVC). Primarily designed to promote quicker development with interactive designs, it is a free and open-source framework.

Two expert developers, Adrian Holovaty and Simon Willison created this well-integrated framework in 2003 to build Web apps for the newspaper. The best part is that it is a single package install, and includes its own templating engine with many plug-ins and add-ons from the user community. It also provides OOTB support for the widely popular Jinja2 engine. It also employs a regex-based URL dispatcher, allowing complex mappings with very simple URLs.

What Is Django Used For?

One of the primary reasons for Django’s popularity is that it can be used to build almost any kind of website – be it content management systems or social networks or your average company websites from scratch. It is compatible with any client-side framework, and can deliver content in almost any format – HTML, RSS feeds, JSON, XML, and more.

The framework also takes the lead when it comes to security. It helps developers keep away from common security mistakes. In addition to these features, its ability to swiftly scale makes it a preferred choice among most organizations today.

Django Key Features:

  • Open-source framework, powered by Python
  • Makes for quick development
  • A treasure trove of documentation & tutorials available
  • High-level, open-source framework
  • Provides a default admin panel
  • Highly scalable and secure
  • Has an excellent set of libraries
  • Offers a range of SEO tools
  • Provides Object Relational Mapper (ORM)
  • Has a strong community support

What Is Flask?

Reddit, Airbnb, Lyft, Mozilla, MIT, Uber – are a few of the popular companies that make the most of Flask. It is a free, Python micro-framework developed by Armin Ronacher, who led a team of international Python enthusiasts called Poocco. Based on the Werkzeug WSGI toolkit and the Jinja2 template engine, the framework features a collection of libraries and modules that enable web application developers to write applications effectively.

How is Flask a strong contender for the Django framework? Firstly, it has a huge learning curve, meaning that it is easy to get a hang of and is easily readable, especially for beginners. It is deemed as a microframework because it does not require particular tools or libraries. It has no database abstraction layer, form validation, or other components. Yes, Flask is a micro-framework and may not seem like an ideal option, but it has the potential to take on many files for larger programs, handling the complexities without any hassles.

What Is Flask Used For?

Flask is a popular choice for creating simple website applications, as it has less base code to implement a simple web-Application. Introduced in all its glory in the year 2010, the primary purpose of Flask is to give developers the liberty to choose the DB ORM, templating engine, session middleware, or other components of their choice.

Flask is pretty simple in nature, but it is also quite extensible in terms of functionality. This means that you get to decide which database to use, whether you want an ORM, and other such details in accordance with your project requirements. You can even scale it up for complex applications. If you are an experienced developer, Flask is the framework you should turn to for the development of smaller applications or simple REST API.

Flask Key Features:

  • Open-source micro-framework that uses Jinja templating
  • Development server and debugger
  • Built-in support for unit testing
  • Extensive documentation available
  • Google App Engine compatibility
  • Multiple extensions available
  • Higher compatibility with latest technologies
  • Easier to use for simple cases
  • High scalability for simple applications
  • Client-side sessions using secure cookies
  • Compliant with WSGI version 1.0

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