Python vs Golang 2023: A Detailed Comparison Guide
Deciding on which programming language to master is one of the most important decisions that aspiring developers have to take, especially if they want to launch their careers smoothly in the ever-dynamic software development industry.
However, picking the right language can be challenging given that there are so many popular ones that are at the core of today’s leading organizations. Two of the most sought-after languages today are Python and Golang.
If you are an aspirant who is tangled in the dilemma of Python vs. Golang, this blog holds all the right answers. Let’s explore the primary differences between Golang and Python, and see who takes the crown in the battle of Python vs Golang for web development.
Python vs Golang – Know The Key Difference
To better analyze the winner when it comes to Python vs. Golang performance, we have to first understand what these two powerful tools stand for individually.
Python was created by Guido van Rossum and was first released in 1991. Designed to promote code readability, it is simple, straightforward, and versatile. Any programmer can pick up Python quite quickly. Even beginners can master it within a matter of a few months if they put their minds to it.
These Python features make it an ideal choice for a wide range of projects, from simple web applications to operating systems. As its easy-to-learn syntax promotes readability, the cost of program maintenance is reduced to an impressive extent as well.
Key Features of Python:
- Python is one of the simplest languages to work with, even for beginners.
- Developers to build intuitive applications or websites with less coding.
- It is simple to understand and read, especially for the non-technical departments.
- It is free to be leveraged by any and everyone.
- Python has active community support – experts from across the globe contribute to the language’s development through support forums and such.
- Owing to its dynamic typing and concise syntax, it ensures enhanced productivity.
- The integration and control features of the programming language allow the codes to run more efficiently.
Golang is an open-source programming language designed at Google by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson in 2009. It is a statically-typed, compiled programming language. It shares quite a few functionalities with the C language.
However, it does come with some additional features, for example – garbage collection, structural typing, memory safety, and CSP-style concurrency. What makes Golang stand out from the crowd is the fact that it allows developers to run multiple processes all at once. It also supports concurrent programming via channels and goroutines.
Key Features of Golang:
- Given that Golang is a statically-typed programming language, it is one of the most ideal programming languages for complex projects. It is the best at identifying and managing errors.
- Golang enables developers to combine all dependency libraries and modules into one single binary file. This is done by leveraging the static linking feature. The combinations are done on the basis of the type of the OS and architecture.
- This programming language is known to bring enhanced efficiency to the table via features like a concurrency model and excellent CPU scalability.
- With Golang at their disposal, developers do not have to turn to any third-party library. They get easy access to multiple libraries and tools by default.
- Other key features of Golang include a garbage collection called goLand, package management, and readable code.
Let’s take a look at some of the more detailed distinctions between the two programming languages that are rightfully making their presence known in the industry.
|Python was created by Guido van Rossum. It was first released in 1991.
|Golang was designed at Google by Robert Griesemer, Rob Pike, and Ken Thompson in 2009.
|Python is an interpreted and object-oriented language, making it more dynamic than its alternatives.
|It is more of a functional and concurrent language that follows a set process.
|Developers have to interpret Python as it is a scripting language.
|Developers working with Golang can produce code faster as it does not require count on anything at runtime.
|Python is primarily used for solving data science problems, in addition to other purposes. It is also one of the best choices for projects that call for basic programming.
|On the other hand, Golang is the best bet when it comes to projects that demand top-notch system programming. It is designed to help developers detect flaws at compile-time. This contributes to handling errors seamlessly at crucial production phases.
|Python is incredibly user-friendly. When it comes to an easy-to-understand syntax, Python takes the cake. This feature makes the language more readable to non-technical teams as well.
|In the matter of easy syntax, Golang is also slowly yet steadily making progress owing to zero unnecessary components. However, currently, it still falls short in comparison to Python.
|This language is not equipped with a built-in concurrency mechanism.
|One of the key features of Golang is the built-in concurrency mechanism.
|Developers are more inclined to master Python owing to easy access to a treasure trove of libraries.
|Golang still has some milestones to cross when it comes to libraries.
|When working on complex projects with Python, it can become tricky for developers to build scripts in the later stages.
|With Golang, developers can easily manage the same task with much ease. They can achieve this without diving into the complex functionalities of the language.
|Python supports exceptions and inheritance.
|Golang does not support exceptions and inheritance.
|With Python, there is the promise of enhanced security as it is a well-typed and compiled language.
|In the case of Golang, every variable should have a type connected with it. This can lead to unwarranted errors.
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Being a flexible coding language, Python ensures more productivity. It is also known to bring a certain degree of efficiency to the entire development process. As such, today’s organizations are looking to leverage the competencies of Python by hiring expert talent who have an in-depth knowledge of the language. With the industry brimming with ready-to-work talent, a competitive edge is the need of the hour for aspiring developers.
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